According to the University of South Carolina, India represents 10% of the entire school population. During the 2012-2013 academic year, there have been about 129 Indian students attending the University of South Carolina. Out of the 129, 4 are undergraduates and the remaining 124 are graduate students.
India Facts & Statistics
~South Carolina’s governor, Nikki Haley (born Nimrata Nikki Randhawa), is Indian-American. She was born in South Carolina. However, her parents originated from Amritsar, India.
~The main religions are Hindu (80.5%), Muslim (13.4%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), and Jainism and Buddhism.
~The Diwali 'the festival of light' is celebrated by Sikhs, Hindus and Jains and is a very big celebration. To view the Diwali - Festival of Lights by National Geographic, click here
~India ranks as 7th largest destination of US exports through South Carolina.
~India ranks 9th in terms of US imports from different countries through South Carolina.
~There are approximately 22 different languages spoken in India, Hindi being the most popularly spoken, as well as 2000 dialects.
~India’s population consists of 1,220,800,359 people, which is approximately 17% of the world’s population.
~India is the largest democracy in the world.
~The main exports in India are agricultural products, textile goods, gems and jewelry, software services and technology, engineering goods, chemicals, and leather products.
~India is the seventh largest country in the world and is the second most populous.
~India gained its independence from Britain on August 15, 1947.
~India has one of the largest number of software engineers in the world.
~Bollywood produces the most films worldwide every year.
~The decimal system was developed in India in 100 B.C.
~Chess was invented in India
~Ayurveda of India was the earliest school of medicine known to the world
~The world’s first university was established in Takshila in India in 700 B.C.
~The Indus valley civilization of India is among the oldest in the world (about 5,000 years old)
~The literacy rate is approximately 61%.
~The President of India is the Head of the State, while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government. Thus, the Prime Minister makes more of the decisions.
~India is the longest continually surviving civilization in the world.
~The Taj Mahal, in Agra, is one of the Wonders of the World.
~The capital of India is New Delhi and has the largest population with about 21.72 million people.
~India consists of 28 states and 7 union territories.
~At around 350 AD during the Gupta Dynasty, Indians discovered how to crystallize sugar.
~The name India is derived from the Indus River. The Sanskrit name for the Indus is Sindhu.
~India has only one time zone: Indian Standard Time (IST).
~The Mahabarata is the longest epic poem in the world.
~India was the richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early 17th Century.
~Sushruta is known as the “Father of Surgery.”
~Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world
~The game Snakes and Ladders originated in India.
~The Rig Veda is the oldest book in Sanskrit and is also one of the most sacred texts of Hinduism.
~The word “sari” is derived from Sanskrit and translates to “strip of cloth.”
~English words with Hindi or Urdu origins:
- Bandanna from Bandhna= “to tie (something up), to fasten”
- Bungalow from baṅglā= “low, thatched house (house in the Bengal style)”
- Cheetah from chita= “the spotted one”
- Khaki from khākī= “of dust colour, dusty, grey”
- Shampoo from cāmpnā= “to press”. When it entered the English language around 1762, it was originally a full-body massage that would end in the washing of a person’s hair. Only in 1862 did “shampoo” mean just “the washing of hair.”
~English word with Sanskrit origins:
- Avatar from avatāra= “descent (the incarnation of a deity in human form)”
- Himalaya from hima (snow) + alaya (abode)= “abode of snow”
- Jungle from jangala= “arid, sparsely grown with trees.”
- Mugger from makara/makarah= “sea creature” or “crocodile” (who attacks stealthily).
- Singapore from Simhapuram (siṃha [lion] + pura [town])= “lion city”
India Relations with South Carolina
According to the India Embassy website, Governor Nikki Haley met with Ambassador of India, Nirupama Rao and they are both looking to bring business from India to South Carolina. Based on statistics, import value from India to South Carolina has risen steadily from 557 million in 2010 to 820 million in 2011. Exports have also risen from 491 million in 2010 to 619 million in 2011.